English Parts of Speech

We simply put the words we use into eight basic categories. They are Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Verb, Adverb, Preposition, Conjunction and Interjection.

These are the most basic elements of the English language.


A noun is  a naming word. Anything you name is a noun.
Gandhi, Sultan, road, boat, river, building, school, brotherhood  etc


A pronoun replaces  a noun. Most of the times it just replaces a noun.

"Pro" means for. The word is used instead of a noun so it is called pronoun, i.e for a noun.

Reka is a good girl. She is so cute.

In the above sentence the noun Reka is replaced by the pronoun she.


An adjective is a word which qualifies a noun or a pronoun. It gives a description of a noun or pronoun

Peppy is cute.

Here the word cute qualifies the noun Peppy.

He is tall.

Here the the word tall is describing the pronoun he.


The very word adverb means added to a verb! Thus it gives the manner in which the action takes place.

He ran fast.

Here the word fast shows us the manner how he ran.  Fast is an adverb, it is added to the verb ran.


It is a word which shows the relationship between two nouns.

The ball is on the table.

On being  a preposition, shows the relation ship between the ball and the table!


A conjunction is a connector. It connects two words or two clauses.

Veeramani and Prince are friends.

Here the noun Veeramani  is linked with the other noun Periyar with the conjunction 'and'.


Interjection is a word that shows sudden outburst of feelings.

Wow! What a shot!

In this sentence the word 'wow' is an interjection.


Confessions of a Sentimental Fool

They used to say 
I'm a sentimental fool
Let it be, Let it be.

If it is a weakness
Then it is my strength
Let my weakness be my strength 

It is nothing to me 
Yet it seems to be something 
Like a hungry monster,
It swallows me.

Being nothing is 
not really what it seems 
But how it means,
Let it be a boon or bane 
With out it I'm insane. 

Let it be a pain or gain 
Like my shadow 
It will sustain. 

Mythily Kasthuri Rengan 


Ode on my scooter

I can't stop for any one
as I have wings to fly
I can't hate that anyone
Because my love measures the sky

Throwing away my hesitation
avoiding the eyes of penetration
am unwrapping the mysteries of directions
Yeh! It is the only destination.

Now the distance never desperates me
cleaning my review mirror, kicking my scooter
here goes my horse with wheels
on awaiting roads with deals.

- Mythily Kasthuri Rengan


Know a Plane - Beechcraft King Air 200.

Beechcraft Corporation is an American manufacturer of general aviation and military aircraft ranging from light single engine aircraft to twin engined turbo propulsion transport aircraft. The corporation was founded by Walter Herschel Beech and Olive Ann Beech.

Beechcraft King Air 200.
Beechcraft is the company which makes King Air Planes.
The very first King Air Planes were used by US Army.
In the year 1973 civil certificate was given.
King Air 200 is on the market since 1974!

The plane is powered by Pratt & Whitney Canada PT&A – 41 Engines, 1015 shp (757 KW)
Fuselage can store 60 gallons of fuel.
Maximum take of Weight 450 kg. 
It has Rockwell Collins Pro Line Avionics.
Indian BSF uses theses planes.
Indian Aviation Research Centre also uses these planes.



A close Encounter Rex Coker

Main Characters
Rex Coker, Rex Coker’s brother, Schwinn,

Rex Coker the narrator a brief sketch
He is smarter than his brother
He escaped under cloth line
He gives thumbs up sign   
Words of Rex Coker
My brother was a tinkerer.
‘We have lifted off’, I yelled!
I am much smarter than he.

Rex Coker’s brother a brief sketch
He is a tinkerer.
He is fond of inventions.
He used to blue print his ideas.
He purchased a DC motor from a local pawn shop.
battery from dad’s old Chevy car.

Words of Rex Coker’s Brother
“Why do you think that?’
“Well if you were smarter than me you would have bailed off before the cloths line.”
“At least we had some quality time together today.”

It is an American bicycle.

Gap-fill exercise

Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!
My brother was (i) Even though he had switched the motor off, his speed was too (ii) The clothes line caught him (iii) and cut him (iv) the bike. I thought he was dead and I raced over (v)

i) a flip off

ii) under his chin

iii) to help him

iv) fast to stop

v) not lucky

(June 2012)

Swept Away Susabnnah Hickling

Swept Away

Susabnnah Hickling
This is an ordeal faced by a young mother, and her indomitable will to survive for his daughter.  

The Piano Lesson cloze1


Rob Reilly

The nicest thing in this lesson is an innocent boy who understand the value of money. He understand this through a very painful experience.

Each and every character in this lesson is very cool, a husband who loves his wife and takes the right path and sets a role model for his son.

A wife, who is an ordinary homemaker with lots of talent, without tutorials she learns to play the piano. Her reactions after the painful loss of the piano. She is a very determined women indeed.
Rob Reilly learns his greatest lesson from the piano.

The Face of Judas Iscariot

The Face of Judas Iscariot
Bonnie Cahmberlain


Sam X Standard English quiz 1

Author Tammy Ruggles

This is a lovely recollection of a boy and his dog. Shelly was a school boy. He found a  dog in his front porch. It had a hurt paw. He nursed it. His mom wanted to find the real owners of the dog. What happens next is described in the lesson unit. Read it and enjoy.


Choose the best answer - 4

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All the best kids

Fill in the blanks with appropriate phrases given below to form a complete meaningful paragraph:

Fill in all the gaps, then press "Check" to check your answers. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues!
Kumar was an (i) young man. He was living in a very comfortable and (ii) apartment (iii) . One day he stood staring out through the window. But he felt (iv) in his heart. His thought drilled to his house which was in (v) .

i) a narrow congested street
ii) an emptiness
iii) fully furnished
iv) intelligent and enterprising
v) in New York

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