Phonics an Intro

Phonics is the new buzz word in Schools  of Tamil Nadu. Very lengthy training sessions have been given to the language teachers of the state.

Phonics is a methodology, through which pupils  are trained to get phonemic awareness. It is a customary practice to introduce the English alphabet as ABC, but it is not fruitful practice in the long run.

Phonics propounds a theory of introducing the sounds of the letters, in another word phonographs. The days of teaching ABC are over! Teach sounds instead.


Model Millionaire Lesson Plan

Class : X Standard
Subject : English
Topic : Model Millionaire

Expected Learning Outcomes:

(i).  The pupils millionaire understand the new words in the lesson unit and acquire their meanings, words such as
a) millionaire - a person whose assets are worth one million pounds or dollars or more.
b) profile – outline of the face
c) ragged – untidy


Lesson Plan for the poem Laugh and Be Merry by John Masefild

IX Standard
Title of the Lesson
Laugh and Be Merry (Poem) by John Masefield
Nature of the Lesson
Stand Alone
Group Study, Oral Drill, and Individual Study
Unit consolidation
Page     Page
Learning Skills
Appreciation, Oral Reading, Analyzing, Comprehending and synthesizing


The Wooden Bowl Lesson Plan

Subject : English Time Taken : 90 mts
Standard : VIII
Topic : The Wooden Bowl
Type of the lesson : S
tand Alone
Mode  of Learning : Pair Learning

Introduction ;
1. What is your father’s name ?
2. What is your grandfather’s name ?
3. Have you heard stories for your grandma?

New words
a) Fleecy – wooly b) disposed – sad c) confronted – faced  d) imaginary – not real
e) harshly – rudely f) shattered – broke

Mind Map
It is given in a separate sheet as master mind map.

Consolidation :
Anbu’s father was a farmer’s son.
His grand parents lived in Karamedu near Coimbatore
Anbu and his parents brought their grandfather after grandma’s death.
Grandpa felt lonely in the city.
The only bond that kept the old man attached to life was his relationship with his grandson.
Some times his mother was very impatient with him, especially the days hen his hands trembled.
One night he dropped his bowl of porridge.
Anbu’s mother cleaned up the floor, murmuring and mumbling  all the while.
Suddenly Anbu whittle a small piece of wood to make wooden bowl, for his parents.
On seeing this Anbu’s mother took his grandpa by his hand to the dining table.


Match the following.
Attention did not spoil him
Anbu was helpless
Anbu took a piece of wood and started to whittling it
Anbu was not egoistic
There were many question in his mind.
Anbu taught his parent’s a lesson


FA(a) Collect the pictures and make an album of old people (or) Make family tree

FA(b) 1. What would Anbu’s father tell him?
           2. Why did Anbu started making a wooden bowl?


Is this a university or a school?

Poet Thangam Moorthy, (in blue shirt) along with students and staff

Sometimes great things happen in our circles and we are unaware of them. We are so carried away by our own life and we choose to pay our attention in some other things. 

But when we came to know those things we tend to feel shy, and guilty. 

Recently I had one such experience. 

I had to meet one of my roll models, Poet. Thangam Moorthy, an educationist. These are really testing days for a man who is running an educational institution. Parents pour in from all the direction with all sorts of queries. Often it results in a rise in the blood pressure, but the poet has mastered the art of playing it cool. His very long experience has seasoned him to face the pressure. 

I met him in the late evening, even then his office was packed with visitors, and most surprisingly he has time for them, he greets them in a very amicable manner.    

As I was watching all this, I remembered a girl, who was in standard ninth. Then I was working in some other school in Pudukkottai. This particular girl was a real headache for us for she was not performing in her exams. We tried all our tricks and our efforts failed pathetically. 

No other go, we had to send her out. 

She was out.

Later I came to know that she had enrolled herself in Sri Venkateshwara Matric HSS. I felt sorry for the staff members of the school. 

After a year I was riding in the street near  Mariyamman temple adjacent to Sri Venkateshwara School, I could see  a large banner promoting the school. 

For several others it was just another promotional board, but for me it was a surprise, even made my heart slip a beat. 

Guess what, the girl who was sent out by us was smiling in the board! 

She has scored more than four hundred marks! 

Only then I realize Sri Venkateshwara has a magical environment by which it switches on the learning mechanisms of the challenged  learners. 

I was recalling this and then the poet called me, Come with me I am going to see the classrooms. Instead of idling away in his office room the short walk will refresh me, so I joined him. 

The time was nearing nine p.m in the night, and I was rather surprised by the measures he is taking to ensure the quality of his institution. 

So I went with him, we entered into a class room, decorated with spectacular paintings on the wall, and more than that it had a smart board. 

A LED projector was erected on the roof.  I took some photographs and we headed to the second room, the same things were there, while the first room has a blue theme, the second room had a yellow theme. 

In the second class room also I saw a smart board, Loyed Split A/C, and an L.C.D Projector! 

I shoot some pictures and went into the third room, which has a green theme and all the same educational tech. 

I was hugely surprised, and I told him "Three Projectors!", It is really  a great thing in our town. 

Poet.Thangam Moorthy suddenly stopped and looked at me as if I was from some other planet! 

Hi, Not three projectors, all my classrooms have one, I have installed forty of them!

I was thunderstruck, and I had to pull myself together, and visited few more classrooms which are installed with projectors and smart boards.

There is one more surprise for me, the class rooms did not have black boards. The only chance of teaching and learning activity is through smart boards  only! 

and what is more all the staff members  were trained to inculcate these tech in their sessions. 

Truly it was an awesome experience for me ... 

I remember a sentence of my friend Bhuvaneshwaran, District Treasury Officer, Singampunari, 

As we were opening the gift  packs received by his brother on his marriage one gift was so cool and we ran our eyes over the label.

It read "Best wishes, from Thangam Moorthy"

"No matter how small the gift material was the poet always scores", said Bhuvan. 

 If a man could make you speak about the smallest of his gifts,  what can he do to a gift that he was going to give for a entire life time? 

No wonder the slogan for Sri Venkateshwara School reads "Generations will remember, quality education is our promise". 

While most the of other schools are boasting that they have smart class tech in their campus, Venkateshwara School has become 100 %  smart campus. 

The poet has really set an unbreakable standard in School Education, always leading ahead! 

I wish a grand success for the notable endeavour!

Sri Venkateshwara School has put Pudukkottai in the map of Smart Schools of India. Really a proud moment for Pudukkottai People, and gifted year for avid parents who are looking for quality institution for their kids. 

Kasthuri Rengan


Captain America: Civil War 2016

It was a huge surprise for me to watch this movie, the surprise was not because of the CGI used in the movie or the story line! I have a mind blowing experience in the theater watching the movie among   my fellow audience who were raising the roof with their wolf whistles. I have heard wolf whistles in theaters  as they were raised for a local mega star but this time it is for Captain America and his crew. It was really a cool experience. I have never imagined that Marvel's comic heroes would have such very strong fan base. 


Prose Comprehension Exercise -1

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow
        It was a busy street adjacent to a hospital. Suddenly a man was darting out from the hospital. He was running mad on the street.


Poem Paraphrase Practice for TN X Standard English -1

Poem paraphrase carries five marks. It is necessary to go through the given poetic lines and understand it completely. It is also important that you have to read the given paraphrase and to guess the answers.

Now try this.

Loans and Advances for TN Government Employees 2016

Tamil Nadu Government  has released guidelines for advances. The slabs for advances for conveyance, computer and others.

To download the guide lines kindly click the link below.



Pro-student demands from a Teachers Federation!

Extend the uniform and noon meal scheme up to twelfth standard a demand from Tamil Nadu Aasiriyar Munnetra Sangam.

Tamil Nadu Aasiriyar Munnetra Sangam had held a state level research seminar on “Student welfare needs and expectations”, at 7th May 2010, at the Municipal Middle School, Santhaipettai, Pudukkottai. In the seminar teachers have submitted their research on the quality improvements needed in the student welfare activities and the language examination pattern.


Jarvis AI Just Another Very Intelligent System

JARVIS is an amazing artificial intelligence that appears in Marvel's Comic Universe. So for Marvel is leading the Indian Cinema with its Characters from Marvel Universe. Characters like Iron Man, Captain America, Black Widow and Vision are almost household names among young audience of this subcontinent. 


Sam Fifth Exercise


Lets try to expand the following tips in to a twenty line paragraph ... 

will be beneficial in answering the paragraph question and also aid you in completing the mindmap and choose the best answer exercise! So it carries more than five marks in the public exam. 

The Hints 

Sam Fourth Exercise

Before lets begin the match the following exercise lets do a Expansion exercise.

Try to sketch the character of the dog Sam with the following tips.

Sam Third Exercise

Sam is the very first lesson on the supplementary reader. Most of you have enjoyed it.

Expansion of Ideas

Now try to sketch the character of Shelly form the following hints. Write about ten sentences..


  • a school boy
  • found the dog in the veranda
  • dog's temporary owner.
  • nursed the dog's hurt paw
  • first aid kit.


Sam Matching Exercise Two

Labrador Retriever

This a breed of dog, a very popular breed. It is popular because of its obedience and training capabilities. It is a number one guide dog for people with special needs. People who autistic, blind, and handicapped are helped by this breed. 


Sam an intro and Match the following exercise one

The supplementary reader unit one Sam deals with a real life incident. A hurt dog was found by a boy named Shelly. He nursed it, gave it a new name, Goldie. But his mother was very righteous person and put bills on the walls about the dog. As days moves on the dog and the boy became good friends, and the dog surprises him in several ways, in understanding commands, guiding him safe back home and taking him to school. The dog also became his playmate. But all of a sudden the boy has to disown the dog. Here is a test for you it will help you to gain 5 marks in the second paper.

The supplementary reader unit one Sam deals with a real life incident. A hurt dog was found by a boy named Shelly. He nursed it, gave it a new name, Goldie. But his mother was very righteous person and put bills on the walls about the dog. As days moves on the dog and the boy became good friends, and the dog surprises him in several ways, in understanding commands, guiding him safe back home and taking him to school. The dog also became his playmate. But all of a sudden the boy has to disown the dog. Here is a test for you it will help you to gain 5 marks in the second paper. Lesson 1 Sam

Lesson 1 Sam

Matching exercise

Match the items on the right to the items on the left.

A Boy Called Top ..


It was an afternoon of hot summer day. I had to take classes under a scorching asbestos sheet, and that too was provided only after the so called Kumbokonam Incident. During such unbearable summer days we preferred to sit under a neem tree. We moved to the neem tree and started our session. However in the middle of the session the class leader told me that one his friends was missing since the recess. I was puzzled and inquired the students, to my surprise I came to know that thefellow had disappeared for the second time in a row, that too in the same week. 

If I have had any understanding of the locals and parents I would not have made that mistake. But I was unaware of the local peoples' mindset. I asked two of my students to visit his home and check if he was there. I added even if his parents say he was not there look for his foot ware   that may be near the front entrance. My little trackers became very interested and started their tracking exercise.

After thirty minutes they bounced back with sagged heads, and told me his house was locked and the neighbors were unaware of his misdeeds. My students told me that he will be back soon and there was nothing to worry. 

After a while, I heard a huge cry from the southern side of the school campus. To my horror I could see  a huge crowd of villagers proceeding towards the school. Very strangely I saw a woman rolling on the road. Her had was on the left end of the road and feet were on the right end! Strangely enough such a tall lady has a very short footed boy. 

The procession slowly reached the school and the teachers in the campus were confronted with all sorts of queries about the missing boy. One particular lady approached me in haste and started asking me the same question "where is the child?" She kept asking me the same question in the same angered voice a hundred times! Slowly my patience began to thaw. 

Luckily one of the senior teachers provided a solution. We will go hunt for the missing boy! 

The stupid crowd agreed and we took our bikes and started to visit all the possible places around the school. But he was found no where! 

After an hour of search we headed back to school and the crowd was waiting for us. We managed to handle them as their initial anger was reduced a bit. 

After another hour we saw the boy sitting on the carrier of a bicycle driven by a local mason. 

We raised up our heads to sky and thanked God. 

The mason introduced himself that he was the uncle of the boy, and he found him in the school campus located three kilometers away from our school! 

How on earth you guessed that sir I asked the mason. 

Sir,  years earlier I too have studied in the same school of yours,    I used to spin my top in the same place. It was that easy you know. "After all he is my nephew!" the mason said to me with a smile. 

Thus the little boy earned his name among his friends "pambarakkattai" that is wooden top in English. 

After several years I received a call from him, telling me that he was in a Thirupoor Textile Company and doing good. 

"May God bless you I", I said. 

will be  back with more   

Maternity Leave Clarification

These are the guidelines for taking maternity leave if the the teacher's service is less than one year. 

CPS Order by Director of Elementary Education

And now Teachers can get their Financial Benefit from CPS as per the guide lines issued by the Director.  


The confession of a Streetdance Clown

Greetings every one!

This is the second part of the previous post where I have written about a troublesome student, who had absconded from the classes to have a bite of his Meatball at home. In this post I would like to share my experience with another one of my problem child! He earned his name as "street dance clown". Here is how! 

In my  part of the world street dances are held during the summer, once they were part of a bygone culture, now the have degraded and defaced. In those dances a clown will pop  up during the performance and asks very silly questions to make the audience roar with laughter.

During the Public Exams I used to have special classes, they may even extent into nights! In the rural parts of Tamil Nadu it is essential to have such classes. There is very little awareness among the parents, and it reflect on the behavior of the children. The seldom study at home. Even the toppers suffer by their parents who are constantly quarreling in their tiny hut.

So it is unavoidable, teachers has to run an extra mile. In our school almost all the teachers are involved in such classes. During one those classes in the late hours of the evening, a boy gone missing! You can imagine my state of mind. It is really hard to explain the parents about the absent of the student. Though they are not ready to make amends  and give room for the studies of their children they will be asking all kind of questions. Questions which are really rough to face, and in tones with tonnes of hatred. 

With a bunch of butterflies on my stomach I inquired his friends and they have me a very surprising answer. They told me he had gone to the neighboring school where there was a dance fest of kids! I was really startled, a student who had his public exam on the following day had preferred to watch a dance programme to his studies!

I went to the school, located the seat of the boy, patted his shoulder and asked him to be back at school. Which he promptly did. When he reached the school I called him you street dance clown sit in your corner and prepare for the exams! 

Even after his schooling is over I call him by that name, and he give me smile and a nod of disgust, the guy is in his higher studies now. 

will be continued 

next A boy called Top(Pambarm) 


Meatball and a Streetdance clown

Students at the old  school premises, where  Mr. Sagyam IAS had his primary education!

On the other day I was busy making announcements to pupils who were about to board a van. We were at the Railway Station, Pudukkottai. We were on a educational trip to the station as the National Science Express was there.

As I was instructing  the students to stand in a queue I saw him, once of my old students, he was shocked to see me at the unexpected place. I understood that he was returning from his polytechnic college. Instantaneously I remembered his nick name, Meatball!

Readiness Programme – Dictionary Practice

Lesson Plan

IX Standard
Readiness Programme – Dictionary Practice

Expected Learning Outcomes :

(i).  The pupils understand the real value of dictionary practice and the sub skills associated with that.
(ii). They understand the way in which the words are listed in the dictionary
(iii). They fix the right meaning for the referred word.
(iv). They  also understand that one word may have various meanings and they have to fix the meaning according to the usage.
(v). They also know that a word may have more than one function ie., a word can act as a verb, noun, adjective, connector and so on.

Hand writing Readiness programme

Lesson Plan
IX Standard
Readiness Programme – Hand Writing

Expected Learning Outcomes :
(i).  The pupils develop and reinforce their knowledge of symbols and their written production
(ii). They get their motor skills  reinforced
(iii). They know the difference between top joiners, bottom joiners and non joiners.
(iv). They  know the shape and size and slant of a letter.
(v). The learn to produce the symbols in  a very fast manner, ie., they write fast with proper shape, size and slant.


Essential Listening Skill Practice for ESL Class Rooms

English has always been a language which possesses people, it is said in Korea people go under a knife to speak better English! The craze on English was such that the spend nearly one and half lakh rupees to have an operation on their tongue. They believe once the operation is done they can speak in right accent! Though linguist around the world warned that it is not wise, but nobody heeds. The craze goes on!


Project ELCOM

 ELCOM is an RMSA, Tamil Nadu State initiative towards empowering the rural students with perfect linguistic skills. It comprises of several components all focused on the betterment of the English Language Skills.  As for now it is a pilot project carried out only in select schools of the state. 

Though ELCOM consists of several ideas the pilot project has been limited to phonics and communicative skills. This post is a very brief introduction to phonics. 

What is phonics? Why is this important?

Phonics is a method of improving the phonemic awareness among the pupils and to help them to be efficient readers of English.  Phonics helps the learners to break the code of reading and to become avid readers. It takes out the hostility in the minds of the learner and makes it easy for them to read any given material.  It gives them reading autonomy! If a teacher is able to successfully carry out the course material  the pupils will be reading anything in English. Once they are able to read they should be given dictionary practice. This final step would make them independent readers! 

Well theoretically speaking, this is the goal. In this juncture lets share some ideas of phonics.

The 26 letters of the alphabet produces 44 speech sounds! Of these 19 sounds are  vowels, usually represented by symbols a,e,i,o,u  while the 25 consonant sounds are represented by b,c,d,fg,h,I,k,l,m,n,p,q,r,s,t,v,w,y and z. The symbol Y can make both a consonant sound as well as a vowel sound.  

Some sounds are represented by the combination of two letters.  They are called digraphs, they are like ‘oa’, ‘ee’, and ‘ai’. 

Practicing agencies. 

Plenty of agencies practice phonics around the world lead by army of qualified and well experienced professionals. Jolly Phonics and BBC’s Alphablocks are some the examples of such agencies. TN RMSA follows Jolly Phonics. You can type in the youtube search box ‘jolly phoincs’ and you will be drowned in the availability of clips.  You can also try Alphablocks.  

The development of communicative skill through project RMSA.

RMSA has given the project schools the clips of Jennifer English video channel of Youtube.  It is a massive collection for building skills in language functions like greetings, seeking for information, giving information, describing people and the like. 

ELCOM has lit a small candle in the darkest corners of Language classrooms around the state. 

We will see more in the next post. 


Ps: ELCOM official blog
       click here 


Extensive Reading

What is it?

EXTENSIVE READING is a term for independent reading of large quantity of material for information or pleasure. The main aim of practicing Extensive Reading is “to get students reading in the second language and liking it” says Day and Bamford.

Extensive Reading ensures that

  •       students read large amounts of printed material
  •       Students read a variety of materials in terms of topic and genre;
  •       The materials students read is within their level of comprehension
  •       The students choose what they wanted to read
  •       Reading is its own reward
  •       Students read for pleasure, information and general understanding
  •       Students read their selection at faster rate;
  •       Reading is individual that is students read on their own
  •       Teachers read along with their students, thus serving as role of good readers
  •       Teacher guide and keep track of students progress

Many teachers believe that intensive reading is enough. But studies clearly prove that the amount of extensive reading was the only variable that could be used to make a reliable prediction of adult ESL learner’s proficiency in English. Extensive Reading requires massive collection of books, which is very difficult and impractical. Involving community activity to collect materials may solve this problem. Collection old News papers and magazines, comics and catalogues may help the teacher to build a material reserve Day and Bamford are not for postreading activities such as questions summary writings etc. Postreading activities will be very useful for mediocre and slow readers. Experts argue that the language acquisitions must be proved through postreading activities. Once the reader uses acquired structures and vocab they build a bonding with the language.

The Great Wall of Ice

Unfortunately most of the teachers believe that intensive reading alone will produce good, fluent readers. Intensive reading gives room for students to analyze, and to comprehend. It aims at constructing detailed meaning form the text, to develop reading skills, and beef up vocab. Certainly intensive reading alone will not make skilled readers.
Most of the teachers are not ready to break their comfort zone. They don’t dare to differ, to plan a student centered activity based classroom. Intensive Reading environment gives them control over the class. Where as Extensive Reading is entirely opposite. Extensive Reading requires teachers to guide students and be a fellow learner in the reading environment.

Have a try. Open new vistas of learning English.



Revision Time Indispensable Question Bunch!


It is exam time. It would be great if we get access to result focused revision tools. Here I have tried one you can download it and print it!

It has been designed only for the prose section of the first paper. The teachers around Tamil Nadu will find it more useful.

Wish you all the best. Hope this simple tool will help your pupil to focus their attentions to these questions.

Here is the link!
Just click the link download the file by clicking the floppy disk icon and print it. The tool is ready!

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